|Academic Unit:||Social Anthropology and History|
|Level of studies:||Undergraduate|
|Course Title:||Europe and the history of “peoples without history”|
|Independent teaching activities||Weekly teaching hours||Credits|
|Course type:||General Background|
|Language of instruction and examinations:||Greek|
|Is the course offered to erasmus students:||Νο|
|Course website (Url):||https://en.sah.aegean.gr/course/h-265/|
(2) LEARNING OUTCOMES
Learning outcomes: The course aims to:
– familiarize students with the historical process that connected at the dawn of colonialism the non-European world with “West”.
– draw attention to the forms of hegemony and legitimacy of the Spanish colonial enterprise in the 16th century
– enable the understanding of connections among different cultural groups and the ways that hybrid cultural realities are being formed through relations among metropolitan Spaniards, Creolian colonials and native communities
– familiarize students with issues that they have encountered during their secondary education but in the context of an Eurocentric approach that focuses on the progress of European world. Students are expected to understand that even “people without history” occupy a position in the historical process –just as European and other “people with history”- as societies that produce culture and which have been effected by the consequences of European imperialism
-Production of new research ideas
-Respect for difference and multiculturalism
– Production of free, creative and inductive think
The course examines the hegemonic establishment of Europe during the 16th century through the understanding of Spanish sovereignty of an important part of the American continent. The course is divided in three parts. The first part examines the mediterrranean-european process towards “1492”, -i.e. the European expansion during the 15th and 16th centuries-, focusing on the exit of European naval and commercial world to the Atlantic and the circumstances that had enabled exploratory missions and European expansion, mostly with reference to the Mediterranean world and the Iberian monarchies. The second part examines the consequences that the Americas conquest by the Spanish crown during the 16th century had on native communities as well as to the conquerors themselves, the new regime imposed by the new rulers, and new forms of hegemony –social, economic and cultural. Finally, the third part attempts to present and discuss the legal, philosophical, and theological context of the 16th century, in which the Spanish conquest and sovereignty of Central and South America has been placed, discussed, legitimatized or criticized. Thus, there are examined the ways in which the ethical issues of Spanish actions upon the concoquered regions and the political issues of the legitimacy or not of Spanish sovereignty on American soil have been approached during the period of conquest. In short, during the course there are examined the ways in which the «people without history» have been integrated into the financial political and ethical imperatives of the European world and the context of legitimation of European conquest in the dawn of colonial expansion.
(4) TEACHING and LEARNING METHODS – EVALUATION
|Use of information and communications technology :||Students have access to the page of the course in eclass|
|Teaching methods:||Activity||Semester workload|
|Personal study of bibliography during the semester. Essay composition and preparation for mid-term exam.||70|
|Preparation for final written exam.||17|
|Student performance evaluation:|
(5) ATTACHED BIBLIOGRAPHY
Pagden, Α., 2004. Λαοί και Αυτοκρατορίες. Οι Ευρωπαίοι και ο υπόλοιπος κόσμος από την αρχαιότητα έως σήμερα.
Τοντόροφ, Τ. 2004. Η κατάκτηση της Αμερικής. Το πρόβλημα του Άλλου.
Φλιτούρης Λ., 2014, Αποικιακές Αυτοκρατορίες. Η εξάπλωση της Ευρώπης στον κόσμο, 16ος-19ος αιώνας
β) Συμπληρωματική βιβλιογραφία:
Wolf, Ε. 2008. Η Ευρώπη και οι λαοί χωρίς ιστορία.
Aymard, Μ. «1492: η Ευρώπη και ο κόσμος», σ. 11-30, στο M. Aymard- E. Αρβελέρ. 2000. Οι Ευρωπαίοι. Β΄τ.
Subrahmanyam, S. «Τα στάδια της κατάκτησης των θαλασσών», σ. 45-57, στο ίδιο.
Mollat, M. 1999. Η Ευρώπη και η θάλασσα.
Vicens-Vives, J. 1997. Σύντομη ιστορία της Ισπανίας.
Wachtel, N. «Ο εκπολιτισμός», σ.38-65, στο J. Le Goff- P. Nora, Το έργο της ιστορίας, τ.3.
Favre, H.,1995. Οι Ίνκας.