School: Social Sciences
Academic Unit: Social Anthropology and History
Level of studies: Undergraduate
Course code: WS-044 Semester: 8th
Course Title: Memory, History and Representation in the Second World War: The Destruction of the Jews of Europe
Independent teaching activities Weekly teaching hours Credits
Lectures 3 6
Course type: specialised general knowledge, skills development
Prerequisite courses: None
Language of instruction and examinations: Greek
Is the course offered to erasmus students: Νο
Course website (Url):


    Learning outcomes: 

    Students are expected to:
    -Discern the different stages of Nazi policies against the Jews.
    -Understand and realise the European dimension of the genocide.
    -Compare the different experiences of survivors in European countries.
    -Use analytical categories such as trauma and memory in the analysis of the past.
    -To understand the importance of testimony in the study of the past.

    General Competences: 

    -Develop students’ abilities in oral and written communication.
    -Promote familiarization with different kinds of sources and with the methodological and theoretical issues that their use poses.
    -Introduce students to new categories of analysis such as trauma and emotion.
    -Encourage students to think reflexively about the use of sources in order to historicise memory and experience of the Second World War.Respect for difference and multiculturalism
    -Criticism and self-criticism
    -Working independently
    -Team work
    -Reinforcement of self-awareness.
    -Work in an interdisciplinary field

    (3) SYLLABUS

    1 Introduction to concepts: Genocide, anti-Semitism, fascism
    2 The years of persecution: 1933-1938
    3 Hitler’s New Order 1939-1945:
    A. 1939-1941: Deportation, ghettoization, reorganization of the map of Europe
    B. Eastern slaughter: June 1941-September 1941
    4 Perpetrators and Bystanders
    5 The duty of memory: Survivors’ testimonies
    6 The grey zone
    7 Return to life, return to the sites of memory
    8 The genocide of Greek Jews
    9 Memory and trauma: the experience of survivors
    10 The Holocaust in representation:
    Holocaust and film
    History in comic
    History as novel
    11. History and justice
    12 The politics of memory


    Delivery: Face-to face
    Use of information and communications technology : Lectures include also presentation of oral history archives (Archive of Oral Testimonies of the Dept. of History, Archaeology & Social Anthropology of the University of Thessaly, Centropa Jewish Witness to a European Century, Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, University of Southern California Shoah Foundation Institute’s Visual History Archive, Yad Vashem Archives), of electronic sources and of photographic material and as well as theoretical and methodological introduction to the use of the available material.
    Teaching methods:  Activity Semester workload
    Seminars 36
    Oral presentations 20
    Presentations of final essay 10
    Interactive teaching 15
    Autonomous study 30
    Essay writing 50
    Course total: 161
    Student performance evaluation: Oral presentations and participation in the seminar. All students submit an essay of 4,500 words at the end of the semester.


    Suggested bibliography:

    Saul Friedlander, Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1933-1945. Condensed edition by Orna Kenan.
    Ian Kershaw, 2011. Ο Χίτλερ, οι Γερμανοί και η τελική λύση. (transl. Ο. Papakonstantopoulou). Πατάκης.
    Bernard Pierron, Εβραίοι και χριστιανοί στη νεότερη Ελλάδα: ιστορία των διακοινοτικών σχέσεων από το 1821 ως το 1945 (transl. G. Saratsiotis-introduction R. Benveniste).
    Raul Hilberg, 1985. The Destruction of the European Jews. Holmes & Meier.
    Hagen Fleischer, 2008. Οι πόλεμοι της μνήμης: Ο Β’ Παγκόσμιος Πόλεμος στη Δημόσια Ιστορία. Νεφέλη.
    Claude Landzmann, Shoah, 1985.
    Jean Améry, 2010. Πέρα από την ενοχή και την εξιλέωση. Άγρα.
    Primo Levi, 2000. Αυτοί που βούλιαξαν και αυτοί που σώθηκαν, Άγρα.
    Primo Levi, 1998. Εάν αυτό είναι ο άνθρωπος, Άγρα.
    Annette Wieviorka, 2006. Άουσβιτς, 60 χρόνια μετά, Πόλις.
    Fleming, K E 2008, Greece: A Jewish History. Princeton University Press, New Jersey.
    Rena Molho, 2001. Οι Εβραίοι της Θεσσαλονίκης, 1856-1919. Θεμέλιο.
    R. Benveniste (ed.) 1998. Οι Εβραίοι της Ελλάδας στην Κατοχή, Πρακτικά γ’ Συμποσίου Ιστορίας της Εταιρείας Μελέτης Ελληνικού Εβραϊσμού, εκδ. Βάνιας, Θεσσαλονίκη.
    F. Ambatzopoulou, 1993. Το Ολοκαύτωμα στις μαρτυρίες των Ελλήνων Εβραίων, Θεσσαλονίκη, Παρατηρητής.
    Ο. Varon-Vassar, 2012. Η ανάδυση μιας δύσκολης μνήμης. Εστία.
    G. Margaritis, 2005. Ανεπιθύμητοι συμπατριώτες, Στοιχεία για την καταστροφή των μειονοτήτων της Ελλάδας: Εβραίοι, Τσάμηδες. Βιβλιόραμα.
    Christopher Browning, 2003. “Perpetrator Testimony: Another Look at Adolf Eichmann”. Collected Memories: Holocaust History and Postwar Testimony. The University of Wisconsin Press.
    Mark Mazower, 2009. Hitler’s Empire: Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe (Η αυτοκρατορία του Χίτλερ: Ναζιστική εξουσία στην κατοχική Ευρώπη). Αθήνα: Αλεξάνδρεια.
    Erika Kounio-Amarilio and Albertos Nar, Προφορικές μαρτυρίες εβραίων της Θεσσαλονίκης για το Ολοκαύτωμα. Θεσσαλονίκη: Επίκεντρο 1998.
    -Mark Mazower, Salonica: City of Ghosts, Christians, Muslimas and Jews 1430-1950, Harper and Collins 2006.
    – Lampsa, K and Y Schiby, Η διάσωση: η σιωπή του κόσμου, η αντίσταση στα γκέτο και τα στρατόπεδα, οι έλληνες εβραίοι στα χρόνια της Κατοχής. Καπόν 2012.
    Lampsa, K and Y Schiby, Η ζωή απ’ την αρχή: Η μετανάστευση των Ελλήνων Εβραίων στην Παλαιστίνη (1945-1948). Αλεξάνδρεια, 2010.
    -Pothiti Hantzaroula, “Children after the Holocaust and the Reconstruction of Jewish Communities in Post-War Greece”, Holocaust Studii şi Cercetări, τομ. VII, αρ 1, 2015, σ. 217-239.

    – Related academic journals:
    Holocaust and Genocide Studies
    Holocaust Studies: A Journal of culture and history
    History and Memory
    Témoigner entre histoire et mémoire [electronic resource] : revue pluridisciplinaire de la Fondation Auschwitz.
    Yad vashem studies on the European Jewish catastrophe and resistance.
    Holocaust: studii si cercetari.
    Jewish Social Studies